Twickenham is the largest dedicated rugby union venue in the world with a capacity of 82,000.
The land on which the stadium stands was once a ten-acre vegetable patch for cabbage, mushrooms and fruit trees prior to the Rugby Football Union purchasing the plot in 1907.
RFU committee member Billy Williams was responsible for picking the area, which cost just over £5,500.
The first match to be played at Twickenham was just two years later in 1909 with Richmond and Harlequins, both close to the stadium, going head to head.
International rugby followed a year later with England hosting Wales and winning 11-6.
In 2006 Twickenham reached the capacity it holds today after plans to redevelop the South Stand were approved - completing the bowl shape of the stadium.
It is the second largest stadium in Britain, behind Wembley Stadium, and the fifth largest in Europe.
As well as hosting international fixtures Twickenham also hosts domestic games - including the Aviva Premiership-opening London Double Header - as well as music concerts.
The Rolling Stones were the first band to play there, in 2003, and they have been followed by the likes of Genesis, The Police and Beyonce.
Twickenham celebrated its centenary in 2010 - an occasion that was marked with a commemorative shirt for England's clash with Wales in February.
It is also home of the World Rugby Union Museum, which tells the history of the game through various tours and exhibitions and it will play host to the 2015 Rugby World Cup final.