Glasgow Warriors flanker Donnie Macfadyen has undergone surgery in a bid to cure a knee problem.
Macfadyen has not played for Glasgow since the match against Edinburgh at Murrayfield last December.
The club now hopes the operation on his left knee - carried out by the same surgeon who repaired team-mate Jon Petrie's dislocated shoulder - will allow him to return to full training with the squad as soon as possible.
Warriors head coach Hugh Campbell said: "Donnie had his knee tidied up by the same surgeon who looked after Jon Petrie's shoulder injury.
"It all went well and we hope he'll be back into full squad training very soon."
As head coach Stuart Lancaster polishes the axe he will soon wield over his World Cup training squad, Exeter Chiefs coach Rob Baxter has backed Jack Nowell, Henry Slade and Luke Cowan-Dickie to be given a stay of execution.
Italy Under-20s held off a late Samoa blitz to retain their place in the World Rugby U20 Championship on Saturday and head coach Alessandro Troncon believes the experience will have served as a valuable lesson for his young troops.