And despite a 34-21 defeat in their RBS 6 Nations opener in Paris on Saturday, the SRU have put their faith in the former Edinburgh and England coach until 31 December 2015.
Scotland now prepare to take on Wales at Murrayfield on Saturday and Robinson will be keen to avenge his side's heartbreaking loss in Cardiff when the home side scored 17 points in the dying minutes.
"I am very proud to be the Scotland Head Coach and I am delighted that the great work already underway will continue until after the Rugby World Cup in 2015," said Robinson who had been linked with a move to Aviva Premiership side Bath.
"I am very happy with the progress that has been made by Scottish Rugby in recent seasons and have every confidence the Scottish professional teams will continue to play an important role in supporting the success of the Scotland team.
"I will be doing everything I possibly can along with my management team and the players to bring further success to the nation in the years ahead.
"This Saturday's game against Wales provides us with the perfect opportunity to get that important first win in the RBS 6 Nations championship."