Twickenham is the largest dedicated rugby union venue in the world with a capacity of 82,000.
The land on which the stadium stands was once a ten-acre vegetable patch for cabbage, mushrooms and fruit trees prior to the Rugby Football Union purchasing the plot in 1907.
RFU committee member Billy Williams was responsible for picking the area, which cost just over £5,500.
The first match to be played at Twickenham was just two years later in 1909 with Richmond and Harlequins, both close to the stadium, going head to head.
International rugby followed a year later with England hosting Wales and winning 11-6.
In 2006 Twickenham reached the capacity it holds today after plans to redevelop the South Stand were approved - completing the bowl shape of the stadium.
It is the second largest stadium in Britain, behind Wembley Stadium, and the fifth largest in Europe.
As well as hosting international fixtures Twickenham also hosts domestic games - including the Aviva Premiership-opening London Double Header - as well as music concerts.
The Rolling Stones were the first band to play there, in 2003, and they have been followed by the likes of Genesis, The Police and Beyonce.
Twickenham celebrated its centenary in 2010 - an occasion that was marked with a commemorative shirt for England's clash with Wales in February.
It is also home of the World Rugby Union Museum, which tells the history of the game through various tours and exhibitions.
The Olympic city of 2012 is, in rugby terms, a place of two distinct halves. First there's London itself, with all the history, culture, art, shops and places to go that come with one of the greatest cities in the world. Then, of course, you have Twickenham in leafy south-west London.
England play their home matches in a great stadium, and the Rugby Museum at Twickenham is just one of its attractions. But the area itself is a rugby heaven, with Harlequins based at The Stoop just across the road and other famous clubs like Richmond, London Scottish, London Welsh and Rosslyn Park all nearby.
Richmond's town, in fact, is the best place to stay locally. Travel into central London are simple, and Richmond is blessed with plenty of pubs, restaurants and shops of its own all in a delightful village-feel atmosphere.
The Green, at Richmond, still retains its 17th century charm and there are lovely walks to be had along the river, or in Richmond Park.